Responsible investment has increased in prominence over recent years. There are many drivers of this increase, including extreme weather events and corporate scandals, greater media profile, growing recognition that environmental, social and governance matters can impact financial returns, as well as increased regulation across a number of areas – including fund managers and financial advisors.
There is a range of ways in which investors can ensure they are investing responsibly, however, one strand that is common to all approaches is the need for investment managers to demonstrate (and be held accountable for) stewardship of their clients’ assets.
'Stewardship is the responsible allocation, management and oversight of capital to create long-term value for clients and beneficiaries leading to sustainable benefits for the economy, the environment and society.'
This definition, adopted by the Financial Reporting Council (FRC) in its recent revamp of the UK Stewardship Code, is perhaps broader and more far reaching than what many would consider to be stewardship. Yet it reflects two important goals: long-term value creation and a recognition that companies and assets exist within broader social and environmental systems. For long-term investors, the proper and sustainable functioning of these systems are as integral to the ability to derive return as the companies that operate within them.
Asset owners predominantly view stewardship through the lens of voting and engagement activity which, in many cases, is undertaken by asset managers acting as their proxy. Yet this lens is not particularly well focused, with some placing an emphasis on levels of activity, rather than outcomes, as measures of success. Consequently, there is a risk that asset owners do not properly engage with or understand the actions of their managers making it harder for them to be held to account.
One commonly considered measure is the extent to which asset managers vote against management recommendations. But is a manager who votes against management on 20% of occasions better or worse than a manager who votes against management on 30% of occasions? Without the context provided by an understanding of voting policies and the knowledge of individual resolutions, we cannot say.
We can, however, begin to explore trends in the data, for example, by considering whether managers are more or less likely to vote against management on particular issues. This provides greater insight and allows asset owners to develop their understanding of the stewardship activity that managers undertake on their behalf.
Voting against management at AGMs may be in line with policy, the recommendation of a voting adviser or the outcome of a failed engagement but this requires the manager to elucidate the reasoning for their vote.
Where managers engage with companies for the purposes of creating change, they are not just focused on routine governance issues such as executive remuneration, but increasingly on environmental and social themes such as climate change and human rights. In engaging on such issues, there is an implicit acknowledgement that companies have obligations to a range of stakeholders beyond investors. This responsibility to customers, employees, suppliers and communities as well as shareholders was recently recognised1 by over 180 leading US companies who signed a ‘Statement on the Purpose of a Corporation’, outlining a new standard for corporate responsibility.
Commitments such as these chime with the definition of stewardship set out by the FRC yet the challenges presented by the current pandemic have served to highlight differing standards of corporate behaviour.
Such promises depend on those who invest to hold companies to account which in turn requires asset owners, and their investment managers, to consider which practices are acceptable and which are not.
IMX view is that good stewardship can create and preserve value for companies and markets as a whole. Given this, we seek to ensure good stewardship across all our portfolios’ assets by:
- Considering managers’ ESG capabilities in manager selection, including preferring managers that are signatories to the UN-sponsored Principles of Responsible Investment (PRI) and those that integrate responsible investment considerations into their investment process.
- Monitoring our underlying fund managers’ approach to stewardship, including expecting them to exercise voting rights and stewardship obligations attached to the investments in accordance with best practice, including the FRC’s UK Stewardship Code.
- Regularly reviewing our investment portfolio to consider how our approach to responsible investment can evolve to meet our clients’ needs.
Partner, Hymans Robertson
Risk warning: This communication has been approved and issued by Hymans Robertson LLP (HR) on behalf of Hymans Robertson Investment Services LLP (HRIS) and is based upon their understanding of events as at date of publication. It is designed to be a general summary of topical investments issues, it does not constitute investment advice and is not specific to the circumstances of any particular financial advisory firm. Please note where reference is made to legal matters, HRIS is not qualified to provide legal opinions and you may wish to seek independent legal advice. HRIS accepts no liability for errors or omissions.
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